Property Damage â€“ House Fires:
Rodents can cause significant property damage with their incessant gnawing behavior. The rodent's front teeth grow perpetually and, as a result, it must constantly gnaw on surfaces to wear its teeth down. When inside a home, the rodents are known to gnaw on electrical wiring - a significant cause of house fires - as well as PVC pipes and HVAC ducts.
Rat Bites: Not only do rodents chew, they also bite! A rodent bite can pass strep bacteria to its victim, but often the bite itself is a critical event. Small children and infants are most often victims of the rodent's bite as documented in recent newspaper articles where infants have suffered the loss of toes or even died as a result of rat bites.
Vectors, such as fleas, mites and ticks, are part of the rodent's habitat. These feasting insects use the rodent as a host and thus transmit disease through this blood exchange.
Rat Fleas: The rat flea is a minute parasite that feeds on the blood of rodents. They are known carriers of a variety of diseases including Murine Typhus, and are considered the cause for the spread of the bubonic plague. Infection is transmitted after a flea feeds from an infected rodent and then bites a human. Through biting, rats also transmit the diseases carried by rat fleas.
Mites: Mites are very small, approximately the size of a period. They move about quite actively and will enter the living areas of a home when their host, rats or mice, have left or have died. The protonymphs & females suck blood, and are often distended after feeding. Unfed females may live ten days or more after rats have been eliminated. Rodent Mites are normally associated with the Roof Rat, but are also found on the Norway Rat & House Mouse.
Rodent droppings should be handled with utmost care. Particularly after they have dried, feces can be reservoirs of a variety of dangerous diseases and viruses. These dry droppings break apart upon contact and release airborne particles that may enter your nasal passages, causing infection.
Salmonella: Salmonella bacteria is transmitted to other mammals when they eat foods contaminated with an infected rodent's excrement. This disease is probably much more common than realized, with symptoms including diarrhea, abdominal pain and a low-grade fever.
Hantavirus: The Hantavirus is found in the urine, saliva, and feces of certain infected rodents. One can become infected through inhalation of contaminated dust, touching one's mouth or nose after handling contaminated materials, or just by living in a rodent-infested setting.
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