Pest Advice Blog

Common Insects You Find in the Fall

Every year it is the same issues. The same insects and the same pests are coming into your home and making nests during the winter. It can become a real problem when there are too many. However, your insect concerns are likely different from the summer with types of insects you might not have come across so far this year. Here’s a short list of some of the common fall insects you might find in your area.

Ladybugs

Everyone has probably seen a ladybug, especially during fall. They like to get into houses and you will likely find them around windows and doors. Ladybugs seems to travel in giant groups and can become quite a nuisance to homeowners. Realistically, they do very minimal damage to your home, but the pure amount of ladybugs can be annoying.

Ladybugs are commonly yellow, orange, or red with small black spots on the qing covers, with black legs, heads and antennae. Many species prey on herbivorous insects such as aphids or scale insects that are well-known agricultural pests. Many ladybugs will lay their eggs directly in their prey’s colonies so their larvae have a direct access to food.

Boxelders

A boxelder bug is commonly found on boxelder trees as well as maple and ash trees. Adult boxelders are dark brown or black with a red or orange stripe on their abdomen. Their bodies are flat with wings the come out of their protective shell. Typically, boxelders will live most of the time outdoors until the weather gets cooler in the fall. Then homeowners might find them in buildings looking for shelter.

Boxelders will enter through small cracks around window and door frames. Similar to the ladybug, boxelders will travel in large groups and don’t cause much damage to properties. They are more of a nuisance because of their numbers. Boxelders will start to appear on sunny sides of buildings at the end of the summer, moving indoors when it gets cold.

Elm Leaf Beetles

The beetle is a significant threat to elms found in many urban forests. Although, the damage caused rarely kills trees, it can weaken them. The elm leaf beetle overwinters in many houses, sheds, or garages. They will leave in May to fly and lay eggs on the undersides of fully developed leaves.

Em Leaf Beetles are usually yellow to olive coloured with a dark band on the outside edge of each wing cover. In the fall, female elm leaf beetles look for a place to lay their eggs. This is how they end up in homes through small cracks around windows and doors. A good sign of elm leaf beetles in your area is when an elm tree prematurely drops leaves.

How to get insects out of my home.

With most insects searching for shelter in the colder months, they will gain access to your home through small holes and crack around windows and doors. Pretty much any areas that give access to the inside of your home. When winterizing your building it is a good idea to search for small openings where bugs can get in. Use cualking or weather stripping to seal the entry point. Blocking access is the best way to fight against infestations.

Milton insect removal

A lot of fall pests are mainly annoying because of their pure number of insects. This can give the appearance that your home is dirty or untidy. If problems persist make sure to call Truly Nolen Pest Control to remove any problems.

Does killing the queen wasp get rid of the nest?

Yellowjacket

It seems like basic knowledge that if the queen wasp is removed from the nest it will not continue to grow. However, this isn’t always the case. There can be multiple queens and it greatly depends on the sustainability of the nest. Also, there are periods when killing the queen wasp can get rid of the entire colony. So, is it worth trying to kill the queen wasp?

Identifying the queen wasp

If there is an active nest, there are many wasps coming and going from the area. They can be of different sizes and offer different qualities to the community. So, it can be difficult to identify the queen wasp. The queen will rarely leave the nest between late spring through summer. She mostly remains in her nest laying eggs and being cared for by female workers.

One key identifier is the size. The queen is usually the largest wasp in the nest. She is generally quite bigger than the female workers and males. The queen’s life purpose is to lay eggs and grow the colony. Only female wasps have stingers.

The queen is usually spotted in the spring.

She will emerge from her hibernation and finds a place to make a small nest to begin her colony. During the late spring any solitary wasps you see is probably a queen as she forages to feed her first worker larvae.

During the winter, large portions of the colony will die off and the queen is usually the only surviving wasp. They will hibernate in areas protected from freezing temperatures. They can be found under tree bark, in cracks of eaves and wood trim. The queen will have their wings wrapped around their bodies, but they will still sting even during hibernation.

tn_wasp

Killing the queen at the right time can get rid of the nest.

When the queen starts to build their nest in the late spring, they are the only member of the colony. It is their responsibility to provide for larvae in order for the nest to grow. Getting rid of the queen at this stage can prevent the spread of a wasp nest. If the queen is not providing nutrients to the larvae, the first set of workers will not survive.

This also works in the winter when the queen is the only surviving member of the colony. With wasps a lot of the workers and drones will die when the weather gets colder. However, the queen will survive. Killing her at this time will prevent her from building another nest when she comes out of hibernation.

If the nest is established in the summer, then kill the queen might not have an impact.

It would be very rare to see the queen outside of the nest during the summer months. However, if you do spot her and decide to kill the queen, it might have little impact on the wasp nest. At this point the colony is already established. And by killing the queen, you might get a lot of aggressive wasps in your area. Killing the queen does not always guarantee the full removal of an entire colony.

Removing wasps can be dangerous.

Wasp removal can be a very dangerous process with angry wasps looking the defend their nest. Being stung can be painful and lead to other health issues. It is always a good idea to contact insect removal specialists to deal with wasps. Without fully removing the nest, you can have wasps buzzing around your property all summer.

Oakville wasp removal.

Having a professional to come and look at the problem is always the best idea when it comes to wasps. They will have the equipment and knowledge of how to best deal with the issue. If you see any signs of a wasp nest on your property make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Pest control in a townhouse

gray rat

Most houses have issues with rodents and other pests. It’s quite uncommon to have a house that doesn’t have evidence of mice or other small pests. However, every house is different and has a different strategy for removing any infestations. A single detached home can have many of the exterior sealed off, so pests cannot enter through cracks or other holes. But, townhouses are different.

A townhouse is difficult to determine the exact source of any pests entering the home.

With townhouses, there are usually four or five in a row all connected and most the time you cannot guarantee your neighbour’s cleanliness or problems with pests. With such close neighbours, there can be multiple points of access that can be difficult to identify for homeowners.

Sure, there are the basic points of entry through cracks and holes in exterior walls. Damaged vents on the roof or side of the house. Multiple openings to the inside through the garage. Even if you spend the time to properly seal all these access points, you cannot be sure your neighbour has done the same maintenance on their home.

Townhouses share walls, pipes and other things.

With your houses all connected it offers some main arteries for pests to move between houses. Even for a pest control professional, it is difficult to spot all the points of entry between the houses. Even with a perfectly rodent proof home, pests can still be making their way through the roof or walls between the houses. Imagine a row of townhouses all as one large building.

Mice and other pests can have a nest three houses down and be travelling to your unit for food. And then travelling back to their nest. This is a very difficult problem to solve. Even with the whole townhouse row working together to seal outside entry, there can be dozens of small holes or cracks that still offer entrance for pests.

mouse-stock-photo2

Preventing pests from choosing your home

The best way to reduce the flow of pests through your townhouse is by keeping it clean. A lot of the time rodents and other pests are searching for a reliable and easy access to food. Keeping your unit clean of dirt and clutter will give pests less places to hide or find a meal.

Always keep the kitchen and other food areas clean. Rodents will likely be attracted to you kitchen. Place all loose food items into glass sealable jars. Mice and other pests can easily gnaw through soft materials. Regularly take out the trash and keep the area clean. If you have pets, make sure to keep their bowl area tidy and free of fallen food.

Signs of mice and other pests.

        • Seeing droppings that look like small brown pellets resembling a grain of rice.
        • Strange odours of urine or other musty smells.
        • Gnawed holes or other areas.
        • Black smudges of oil around holes they might use to enter your home.
        • Actually seeing a rodent or pest.
        • Finding a nest
        • Rustling or scratching noises.

Milton rodent removal

Townhouses are notoriously difficult to remove any infestations because the pests can be coming from any house in the row of units. If you notice a lot of signs rodents might be in your units, make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Wasp hiding places and hidden nests.

Nest

Wasps are small insects that can easily fit between small cracks and holes. Once a nest has developed, wasps can be difficult to remove. They will find any way they can to come and go from the area. A lot of the time wasps will probably build nests in places that are hidden from the elements and the threat of humans. Sometimes you will spot nests hanging from trees and soffits making it simple to remove the problem. But what happens when wasps are in difficult to get to spaces?

Wasp nest in a tree

A common place for wasp nests are in trees. They will build nests in a hole or under the bark of a tree. These nests can be more difficult to identify if you are not fully paying attention to wasp activity.

A wasp nest is made of chewed wood that gives the walls that papery look. The wasp species mud daubers will construct their nests out of clay or mud and they look quite different from a traditional nest. Queen wasps begin preparing the nest in the spring and lay their first batch of eggs. These eggs quickly turn into workers and they take over the construction of the nest.

Do wasps make nests in the ground?

Some species of wasps will make nests just under the ground. These are also difficult to identify unless you keep track of insect activity. The nest is usually a small bump sticking about the surface of the ground. It’s identifiable from the amount of wasps hanging around the area.

Usually by mid summer, a wasp nest is fully developed and recognizable. To spot a wasp nest, follow their flight path and watch where the majority of them go. The most wasp activity is usually seen in early morning and late afternoon. Wasps will leave the nest at these times to collect resources and return at the end of the day.

Paper Wasp

Wasps in my wall, under my siding or hanging from roof.

Many wasp species have had to develop with their surroundings and make an effort to adapt to the advancement of humans and urbanization. This means sometimes they will become more resourceful in where the build their nests. For the most part, if there is enough room for wasps to develop a full nest, they will find a way to get in.

In outside walls or under the house siding are becoming more common places to find large wasp colonies. Especially in older buildings, cracks and holes may have started to form from natural wear and tear. These are open invites to wasps to construct nests in the most hidden places around your property.

What to do if I have wasps under my siding or wall?

The first thing you will need to do is confirm you have a wasp problem. The biggest sign of a wasp nest is a lot of activity in a concentrated area. Watch the wasps and try and see where they are coming and going from. Nests under any type of wall are really difficult to remove and control. The only real option you might have is to call a pest control professional. They will likely come and remove the nest.

Hamilton wasp removal.

Wasps can be very aggressive and dangerous. It’s best to keep you distance. A pest control professional will have the appropriate equipment to safely move the nest. If you discover any signs of a wasp nest make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Four species of pest that pose a risk to your health.

The one thing we’re mostly concerned about during pest infestation is our health. There are lots of viruses, diseases, parasite and bacteria that can be spread through being bitten by certain species. These are the most common transmitters that pose the biggest risk the your health.

Rats

Rats are commonly known as a species that spread disease. Where there are people there are generally rats. Urbanization has seen a denser population of rats and they are becoming a growing concerns. There are two species of rat mostly found in Canada, the Norway rat and black rat. Norway rats are usually the more dominant and aggressive specie.

Rats carry numerou types of zoonotic diseases, ones that can be transmitted from animals to humans. Leptospirosis is a known disease that is borne in rats and can affect individuals who come into contact with rat urine. Rats actually have human pathogens that simply soak up human-origin microbes. So, rats can carry human borne diseases and transmit them back to people.

The most obvious spreading of rat borne diseases to humans is by being bitten by the rodent. But, in some cases you might not even have to come into direct contact with rats at all. You might not even have to see a rat to be exposed. Most of rat borne diseases are spread through urine, droppings and fleas.

Mosquitoes

There are about 80 species of mosquito in Canada and most of them are harmless to humans. Most of them don’t even bite humans and only few feed on blood. However, the few that do bite humans are known to spread disease. Mosquito-borne diseases are growing and there could be many different species developing. It’s best to reduce contact with mosquitoes by applying repellent.

Less than 10 species of mosquito in Canada pose the greatest risk. Culex mosquitoes are the biggests spreaders of West Nile virus. The numbers of cases of West Nile has steadily grown since first being discovered in 2002. Zika is another virus borne in mosquitoes that poses a risk to humans.

Ticks

Canada has about 40 species of ticks and not all are attracted to humans. Most ticks have a specific type of animals they will associate with. The ones that bite humans are known as generalists. Blacklegged ticks are the species most related to the transmission of Lyme disease. Millions of ticks are thought to be brought to Canada every year by being dropped by birds.

When the tick ingests the blood of a host the disease passes through it and is produced into its saliva, so when it bites something else those pathogens are transmitted to its next host. It’ recommended to reduce exposure to ticks and using repellent containing DEET. Ticks are usually found in long grass or shrubs. Wear long pants if you’re heading into an area that might have ticks.

Female blacklegged ticks are most active laying eggs in late spring. After the larvae develop into nymphs during summer, this is when people are generally most at risk of being bitten. Ticks are incredibly small and can go undetected on humans or it’s host for a while. Adult ticks are active until winter and wait to attach themselves to a host.

Hamilton pest control.

There are a lot more pests that can be dangerous to people. It’s important to not let any growing concerns get out of control. Always call a professional to remove any pest infestations. Contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

How to prevent tick bites

Ticks have become more of a threat to our health. The tick population is steadily increasing and there are many species that can bite people. Most ticks associate themselves with a single species of wildlife, but some ticks will attach themselves to humans. They’re very difficult to see. A tick might not get bigger than a poppy seed, so in some cases it takes them biting you to realize you might have a tick problem.

What type of tick is dangerous to people?

The blacklegged or deer tick is the most common species in Ontario that can harm human populations. This species of tick is the one most known for carrying Lyme disease. Ticks will spend their time in shady, moist areas amongst long grass. Although it might be rare to come across ticks in suburban or urban areas, those of us who enjoy camping or spending time outdoors increase the risk of coming into contact with a tick.

Preventing tick bites.

It’s recommended to wear long pant when walking through long grass. Also, wear an insect repellent containing DEET. Cover up as much as you can even though it might be hot. Also, was all your clothes after returning home from camping. Check your body for any potential ticks and shower to get rid of any that have not attached. However, the best way to avoid tick bites is to not go near areas that potentially have high tick populations.

How to remove ticks.

Do not burn them. It is a common method to try and burn ticks off skin or cover them with petroleum jelly. These techniques could make the tick bite your even more. Get rid of ticks on your skin as soon as you spot them. The best method is to firmly grasp the tick with a pair of tweezers. Pull the tick straight back without twisting.

Always educate your children of ticks.

Children always enough rolling around in long grass or playing in wooded areas. Teach your children about the risk of ticks. Let them know they should try and avoid shady areas and should play in short well groomed grass. Pack lots of light coloured and long sleeved clothing. Apply insect repellent when needed.

What do tick bites look like?

The earliest sign of a tick bite with Lyme disease is a large Bull’s Eye type of rash. It may take weeks for actual signs of Lyme disease to appear. Following a tick bite always searching for rashes in the following weeks. Eventually fevers, chills and extreme fatigue may set in. After removing ticks from your skin, save them and take them into your local public health unit.

Waterloo pest control

Ticks can latch onto clothing and skin making their way into your home. Once you have ticks it might be difficult to remove larger populations. If you discover ticks in or around your property make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

 

What are weevils?

With summer weather comes a large variety of different bugs and insects that might be lingering around your home. Weevils are one of the most common bugs you might find in your garden. However, some insects might be difficult to identify and this could be essential to removing any infestations.

What are weevils?

Weevils are a type of beetle. The weevil belongs to the family Curculionidae, which has the most species of any other type of beetle. It’s estimated that there are over 1,000 species of Curculionidae in North America. Each weevil species looks a little different with a wide range of colours and body shapes. Commonly weevils are slender or oval-shaped. They also range in size from about 3 mm to over 10 mm in length.

Weevils usually are dark colours such as brown or black. Some species have scales or shiny hairs covering their bodies. Weevils are most identifiable by the shape of their head. Adult weevils have an elongated head that forms a snout. Their mouth is at the end of the snout and some weevils may have snouts as long as their body.

A weevil’s diet.

Weevils are generally vegetarian eating mostly plants. Some species can destroy crops and other large gardens. The cotton boll weevil and the black vine weevil are common in large parts of North America and feed on a variety of plants. For most homeowners, weevils are found in fields, gardens or orchards. Weevils may also attack stored grains and seeds. They can be very destructive and can be expensive to control.

Are weevils destructive or dangerous?

To people weevils are mostly not dangerous. They do not bite or carry any diseases. However, they can be pests to homeowners mainly through their destruction of gardens and seeds. Also, their high numbers during an infestation can make them a nuisance to people. Weevils can get into window sills and doors. Although there may be a lot of weevils, they do not do any major structural damage to buildings.

Weevil control and removal.

When on the outside of your home, it may be difficult to notice any large collections of weevils. However, when the insect finds its way into a building, homeowners may notice hundreds of weevils on walls and around windows. Initial removal is quite simple with just a quick vacuum. Make sure to empty the vacuum outside to prevent further infestation.

Like most insect control, the best way to prevent infestation is by sealing any holes or cracks around doors and windows. Weevils are quite small and can get through the tiniest cracks. Weevils live in large numbers so sometimes it can be difficult for homeowners to remove infestations themselves. Make sure to contact a professional if problems persist.

Pest control

Sometimes insects that live in large groups can be difficult to control especially if they make their way into your home. If you see many small dark bugs collecting in your window sills make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Bugs that bite

An insect’s ability to bite is what makes them scary to lots of people. Nobody wants to be bitten by a bug. They usually result in itchiness, swelling or worse. Heading into summer it’s good to be aware of the types of bugs that can bite.

Mosquitoes and flies

Canada is becoming known for its mosquito populations. In the spring, mosquitoes and flies are born and can be a real nuisance especially when travelling north to cottage country. Although some mosquitoes may carry west nile or other diseases, most of the time these insects are more annoying with them buzzing and flying around your face. Also, mosquito and fly bites are itchy and can be quite irritating.

Mosquito and fly bites are small red blemishes on the skin. They are commonly itchy and can form into a bump when swollen. Female mosquitoes do most of the biting. They have a piercing mouthpart they use to extract your blood. For children and people with immune system disorders, mosquito and fly bites may be dangerous or look different than bites on adults.

Bees and Wasps

Lots of people are terrified of bees and wasps. However, they will only really bite if they are provoked or feel like they’re in danger. So most of the time when people are panicked and swatting at bees and wasps flying close to them is not the best approach to avoiding stings. Their bites can be very painful and result in significant swelling of the area.

Bee and wasps stings can be dangerous especially for people with allergies. It can affect their respiratory system and can be critical to individuals with severe allergies. Bites can be treated with ice packs to reduce swelling and itchy. Upon being stung, immediately remove and stingers left over. Taking allergy medication can also reduce any swelling or side effects from the bite. If you have an allergy or experience any problem breathing immediately seek medical attention.

Spiders

There are many different species of spiders and every type may have different bites and severity of side effects. Some species of spider may even be poisonous and any expected bites from these should be properly treated by medical professionals. However, many spiders found in common Canadian homes will probably only leave small bites and can even go unnoticed by the victim.

Bed bugs

Bed bugs are usually found in dirty or unsanitary bedrooms. They live on mattresses or in sheets waiting for a host to lay down. Bed bugs will feast on blood of people sleeping in infested rooms. A bite is a small red blemish that is itchy. You can see if there have been bed bugs if there are small blood spots on the sheets. You can also spot the small bugs in the seams of the mattress or other crevices around the bed.

Treating insect bites

Always begin treating insect bites by cleaning the wound. Remove any stingers or other insect parts that might have been left behind after the bug bite. Clean the bite using soap and water or alcohol wipes. Any swelling can be reduced with a cold compress. Swelling may take a few days or weeks to completely go away and itchiness will remain for several days. Itchiness can be controlled with antihistamine creams for bites and stings.

Seek medical attention if the swelling or pain is so bad it prevents you from everyday duties. Or if the swelling continues to worsen more than a day after the bite. Some bites may also become infected and need medication to properly treat the area.

Hamilton pest removal

If you notice insects have taken over parts of your home, you may be hosting a larger insect infestation. These can be bad if insects bite individuals with health concerns. If insect populations become an issue in your building make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

How to properly clean a BBQ.

Most rodents and pests are attracted to the allure of food and all their smells. A barbeque is an outdoor space where we cook delicious foods on our grill. But, because it’s already outdoors, those smells are a lot stronger to rodents looking for a quick snack. A lot of BBQs are open around the bottom of the grill or have small holes where pests can crawl through in search for food. It’s important to properly clean your grill.

Always cover your BBQ.

Most BBQs come with covers when they’re new. These covers are always great to use as a first line of defense against pests. It covers any points of entry around the sides and tops of the grill. After your BBQ has cooled down from recent use, place the cover over the grill making sure it protects most of the area. Covers also protect BBQs from the elements like wind and rain.

Properly clean your BBQ.

After using the grill make sure to scrape off any food that might of gotten stuck or fallen. This is just regular maintenance of a barbeque. However, it’s good to do a thorough clean every month or so to make sure there is no food or grease that has fallen or been stuck to surfaces in the BBQ. Make sure to spot clean after use. Before every use make sure to turn the grill up to high so any excess grime can be easily scraped away.

Give the grates a good scrub with a BBQ brush.

This will remove any excess food that might have been left over from any recent cooking. Scrubbing has the best results when the grill is hot or warm when food particles might of softened. You should use a wire brush, especially if the grill is hot. BBQs even allow you to remove the grill so you can give them a good wash with soap and water. Just in this circumstance it’s be to make sure the grill is cool. Allow them to properly dry before using next.

Remove and wash the burner protectors.

Under the grill, the burner protectors are like sloped piece of iron designed to deflect fallen debris away from the hot area of the grill. Loose food can result in fire or strange smokes coming from the BBQ. When removing them, make sure the BBQ is off. Grease may have fallen onto this surface. Use a hot water and wire scrub to give them a good clean.

Wipe dirt from the burners.

Once the burner protectors are removed, you will be able to see all the loose food that has fallen below the grill. Scoop it out and throw it away. Make sure the area is not hot before handling any pieces. Wipe the area with soap warm water. Make sure to rinse all the soap and filth away before reassembling the BBQ.

St Catharines Pest Control

Leftover food from your BBQ is a prime target for most pests and insects. It’s easy for them to access. If you BBQ is close to you house, then you are attracting creatures that might want to live in your home. If you notice any signs of infestation make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Opening the cottage and things to look out for.

Many of our cottages are in areas with high wildlife populations. The middle of the woods is the perfect tranquille place to enjoy some a relaxing weekend. However, there are lots of things to watch out for when spending time so close to mice, rats and insects. Upon your first cottage visit of the season you might notice rodents or insects living in the area to avoid the cold winter temperatures. Pest nests are the last thing you want to deal with when you’re trying to relax this summer.

Animal poo in cottage

This is one of the first signs there have been animals living in your vacant cottage. Mice and rats might have made the space their own, roaming the building at their own free will. Droppings are an easy identifier to if you have any sort of infestation concern. One or two small droppings might not be worth worrying too much about. But, large collections of feces could be a real concerns. This means there could be a nest nearby. Mouse droppings are small dark pellets resembling rice. If you find this you might want to have a closer look at the area and try to identify any problems.

Search for points of entry.

Pests can easily fit through tiny holes in exterior walls of your cottage. If you haven’t properly sealed every crack and hole, then you might have rodent problems. An entry point for rodents is easy to identify due to the worn edge or grease that mice and rats leave when brushing against objects. It’s best to try and fix these issues in the fall before closing the cottage for the winter. But, when you first get up there in the spring have a walk around. Look and see if there are any potential points of entry.

Things to consider checking when opening the cottage.

Look to make sure there hasn’t been any damage to the property. There could be fallen trees or power lines due to heavy snow or winds. They could have fallen through the roof of your cottage and made the area incredibly unsafe. Always check to make sure the area is safe before entering the cottage.

Make sure there isn’t anything blocking the chimney or electrical lines. Once you get the cottage started this may cause issues with air flow. A blocked chimney or electrical lines could cause a fire.

Make sure nothing has started to live under the deck. Have a look under the cottage. Sometimes larger pests might have built their nest down there. It’s best to remove any potential infestations.

Inspect in the cupboard and closets for mice droppings. Rodents can sneak into tight spaces and the might be running through cupboards in the kitchen to get food that might have fallen behind appliances.

Look at ceiling and walls for water leaks. Water damage to a building could be one of the worst things you can have. Once there’s moisture, mold can spread and it can do serious damage to your cottage.

Oakville Pest Control

It’s never a good idea to take infestation removal into your own hands. Many things can go wrong with DIY wildlife removal. So, even up at the cottage if you discover signs of pest infestation contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Pest Advice Blog


© 2017 Truly Nolen, Inc. All rights reserved. Toll-Free 888-832-4705 • Email info@trulynolen.ca