Pest Advice Blog

How to rodent proof your property.

House mouse

Approaching winter it is important to begin thinking about wildlife looking to your home as a safe and warm place to build their nests. Make sure to properly prepare for rodents because the best deterrent is to prevent them from even entering your home.

Clean the crawl space, basement, attic.

These three areas are hotspots for rodent infestation. Most of the time mice and other small mammals will make their way to these areas because they’re dark with very little human activity. Organize your crawl space and remove any clutter. Excess trash or unorganized areas are great spots for rodents to hide. Really go through things. Old newspapers, cardboard and clothing can attract mice for nest building materials. Also, get rid of any old kitchen equipment. There still may be food residue that rodents can smell and seek out. Properly cover or tie back any loose wires. Rodents might chew through electrical cords causing fire. Neatness doesn’t only deter rodents from settling in that area, but also make them easier to spot if they end up there.

Look around the outside of your building.

Small holes and cracks are the most common entry points for rodents. During the fall they will be looking for warm and inviting places, such as your home, to build a nest and hide out for the winter. MAke sure your roof has no hole sunder shingles or around the soffit. There can be tears in the siding. As well you might have small spaces at the foundation, around doors and windows. It doesn’t take a very large space for rodents to make their way through and into your attic. Cover vents with durable material making it difficult for rodents to chew through. Seal space around pipes and wires leading in your home.

Trim back tree branches and bushes away from home.

Rodents are every versatile. They can climb and leap. Overhanging trees gives them easy access to your roof or upper levels of your home. Also, vegetation attracts more natural food sources for rodents such as bugs, fruits and seeds. You want to make your property difficult for rodents to survive on so they do not end up deciding your home is the place to be.

House Mouse

Get rid of minor infestations.

Maybe rodents have already been living in your home. If you discover this make sure to get rid of any current infestations before the winter. This is also a good sign that there are entry points around the outside of your property. If one or two mice can get in that means there could be plenty more. Be thorough while removing infestations. Don’t be fooled once you take out one mouse. There will always be more. Call a professional to determine the full removal of all wildlife intruders.

Pick up after any past rodent problems.

Properly disinfect from any past rodent problems. They may have left behind contaminated areas covered in droppings and urine that spreads disease and bacteria. When removing potentially dangerous contaminates wear safety equipment so you’re not breathing in spores disturbed from the dust. Nests can be a huge mess as well. Sometimes mice might even live in another’s vacant nest. Get rid of anything like this. But, be safe when doing so. Be warey of do-it-yourself solutions. Sometimes they can result in bigger problems. Follow the instructions on chemical containers so you’re not putting anyone in danger.

Clean the garage.

The garage is the most exposed to the outdoors. Wildlife can easily sneak in through holes in outside walls, under the door or run in while doors are open. Get rid of clutter, give everything a sweep and sanitize garbage areas. Trash has food particles that attract rodents. Give the area a scrub with disinfectant to kill off an odours. Dust out the back corners. Don’t give rodents anywhere to hide.

Winterize the garden.

Rake the lawn, trim trees and bushes, and tie back plantation. These areas are giving natural environments for rodents to live. You don’t want them on your property at all. So, reducing these options can limit mouse populations in your area. Put away your bird feeder. These seeds can attracts rodents from all over the neighbourhood.

Sudbury pest control.

If you don’t properly prepare for rodents during the winter then you may end up with a large infestation of mice or rats. At first sight of any problems call Skedaddle Humane Wildlife Control.

Why are carpenter ants attracted to moisture?

Carpenter

Carpenter ants are a species of ant that can be very detrimental to the structure of your home. Commonly mistaken for termites, carpenter ants burrow into wood the build their nests. However, they do not eat the wood. Carpenter ants remove wood shavings constructing a safe place for their queen and colony. These nests can incredibly weaken wooden structures causing them to collapse. Carpenter ants are quite large for an ant at about 24mm long. They’re difficult to distinguish from regular ants except for a small segment between the thorax and abdomen.

Carpenter ants love moisture.

Damp wood make it easier for carpenter ants to burrow and build their nest. That’s why you may find more ants on decks or other areas where moisture might have soaked into the wood. The ants cut galleries into wood making passages for movement between sections. Around and under windows, roof eaves, decks and porches are the most common places carpenter ants nest because they’re the most vulnerable to moisture.

Most of the nest lead to and end at a food source. Colonies include a parent colony surrounded by smaller satellite colonies. Carpenter ants build nests that house eggs in areas with high humidity. These are primary nests. Eventually they turn into satellite nests once the primary nest is established and matured. Satellite nests house older larvae, pupae, and some winged ants.

Unlike termites, carpenter ants do not eat wood.

Carpenter ants forage for different foods including dead insects. Most ant forage at night collecting and consuming dead insects. When discovering potential dinner, worker ants surround it and extract its bodily fluids making it carrying it back to the nest and leave the carcass behind. Carpenter ants will either forage individually or in small to large groups. Their main food sources include protein and carbohydrates.

Carpenter

How to get rid of carpenter ants.

Begin with identifying the ant itself. It can easily be mistaken with other insects. Before jumping to any conclusions study the ant’s behaviour and appearance. Carpenter ants belong to a group of ants called Camponotus which has over 1,000 different ant specie.

Figure out where the carpenter ants live. Most likely they will be inside some sort of wood especially structures vulnerable to moisture. Usually outside of a nest there is there can be small piles of shavings and insects parts. Carpenter ants are very tidy and keep their homes neat by extracting debris.

Look under carpets that are around doors, fireplaces and other places close to the outside. Look at patios and foundations. Ants need food so look at places with lots of vegetation. Carpenter ants will even nest in floors under potted plants, compost bends and other locations close to food.

For smaller colonies it’s easy to control some of the problem. Use a vacuum to suck out any nesting ants. Or lay bait around nesting areas. For larger infestations contact a professional.

The best way to prevent carpenter ants is by controlling environments they may find inviting. Eliminate sources of moisture. Leaks around the house are inviting especially if the moisture has soaked into wood. Check around windows for signs of a faulty seal. Make sure your roof is weather resistant. Keep basements, attics and crawl spaces well ventilated. Instantly fix leaky pipes. Clean gutters reducing run-off water.

Ancaster pest control.

Carpenter ant infestations can get out of control. A lot of the times ants are living behind walls so they’re never around to spot with the naked eye. At first contact with carpenter ants contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

How to prevent boxelder bugs.

Red milkweed bug

The fall weather can bring tons of bugs to your home. No more prominent than the orange and black striped boxelder bug. The pure amount of them is enough to annoy any home owner. They can result in an uncleanly home or environment.

What is a boxelder bug?

Boxelder bugs are named after the boxelder tree, their primary host. The insect does not do any structural damage to your home, but become a nuisance when there’s huge populations flocking into your basement or living areas. Essentially boxelder bugs feast on plantation such as apples, peaches, grapes, strawberries, plums and non-fruiting trees like maple and ash. When cold weather approaches boxelder bugs search for a warm place to live. They can come into your home by the thousands, but don’t emit any major harm. Apart from an odour released after squishing or killing.

Most adult boxelder bugs are black with three distinct orange or red stripes. The first stirpe centred behind its head, the remaining two run along its body. Their abdomen is also orange. Insects are about ½ an inch long with dark wings across its back. Eggs are found on leaves, seed pods, in ground vegetation. They appear as yellow clusters that redden as the nymph develops. There’s five stages nymph go through as they become more red as adults.

Boxelder bugs survive the winter beneath tree bark, in plant debris or in homes. They’ll come out of hiding in the spring when the weather is warmer. Boxelder seeds are their main diet after they emerge before mating. Eggs take about 10-14 days to hatch.

Red milkweed bug

Boxelder bug prevention.

The best way to reduce boxelders in your homes is to destroy any colonies you may find nearby. There will be less bugs trying to find places to lay eggs. And fewer bugs looking to overwinter. Seal up any areas the bugs might take advantage of and make their way into your home. Dry weather or high winds can influence boxelder bugs settling in different areas.

Chemical pesticides are not effective with boxelder prevention. Also, other insects and rodents eat dead bugs. So, a large amount of dead box elders can attract greater problems to your property. Carpet beetles are known to love eating dead boxelders. The beetles can do a lot of damage to your home.

Controlling boxelder bugs.

    • Stopping bugs from even entering your home is the most efficient control technique. Seal around window and door frames, where pipes and wires enter homes and put screens over vents.
    • Repair siding that’s falling off. It resembles bark of trees.
    • Clean up woodpiles, landscape debris and other places in your yard they may look to survive.
    • Try spraying large collections of boxelders away with the garden hose. Sometimes a strong spray will be enough to deter them from coming back.
    • Pour boiling water over bugs.
    • Spray trees with horticultural oil early in the season right when the bugs begin to emerge.
    • Kill box elders at any point in their lifecycle with pyrethrin sprays.
    • Vacuums are always a valuable tool in pest prevention. The shop-vac makes quick work of removing the bugs.
    • Sprinkle borax, diatomaceous earth under window sills and door jams.
    • Sometimes you can remove female boxelder trees to reduce numbers of the bug.

     

    Port Elgin pest removal.

    Although the box elder isn’t exactly a huge risk to the structure of your home the bug is quite annoying to have in your home. They form in giant groups and can take over large segments of your home. If you start to see boxelder bugs accumulate then contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

What disease do rats carry?

It’s common knowledge rats and other rodents carry many different diseases and viruses that can affect humans. Rats are blamed for the outbreak of the plague in London in the mid-1600s. Just because that’s centuries behind us and we’ve found different treatments for illnesses doesn’t mean we should ignore rats. They can be a greater nuisance than just to your home. But, how many diseases can rats actually be associated with?

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome.

Humans can become infected through contact with rodent urine, saliva or feces. Also, it can be inhaled by dust produced by cleaning rat feces. Symptoms include flu-like reactions such as fever, cough, muscle pain, headache and lethargy. It is determined by a sudden shortness of breath. It’s fatality rate is around 36%.

Leptospirosis.

Main signs of Leptospirosis varies amongst people. Some individuals may never have any signs of the infection. Other might experience chills, intense headache, muscle pain, abdominal pain, red eyes, and skin rash. Most cases of the illness are mild. The disease is transmitted by urine of an infected rat and is contagious while the urine is still moist.

Rat-bite fever.

Pasted from rats to humans through bacteria found in feces or mucous secretions. Patients exposed to the ruine or bodily secretions of an infected animal coming from the mouth, nose or eyes. Most of the cases are transmitted through being bitten. Symptoms vary between individual. In most cases it begins with inflammation of open sores. A rash may spread around the area. Also, an infected person might experience chills, fever, vomiting, headaches and muscle aches. Ulcers might develop on hands and feet.

gray rat

Salmonellosis.

Most people recover without treatment and the illness only last about a week. Individuals infected might experience diarrhea, fev, vomiting and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. Most of the time the virus is transmitted through contaminated food. So, a rat going through your cupboards might result in the illness. Poor kitchen hygiene is another way it’s spread, which is another attraction to rat infestation.

Plague.

Transmission of the plague to an uninfected person by coughing or sneezing on another person. Touching an infected person, contact with soil contamination, breathing in the microorganism, contaminated food or water and is carried by animals and insects. It’s commonly spread by rats from the fleas they accumulate on their fur. Symptoms include chills, ill feeling, high fever, muscle cramps, seizures, lymph node swelling, and gangrene. There’s several antibiotics effective for treating the plague.

Colorado tick fever.

It’s a viral infection transmitted from the bite of an infection Rocky Mountain wood tick. This isn’t completely associated with rats, but tick might find rodents as vehicles into certain areas. The virus can stay in the bloodstream for as long as four months. After about three days of the bite symptoms start to show. Stages begin with a fever and illness which continues for a few days then go diminish and return in a couple more days. Symptoms include fever, chills, headaches, pain behind the eyes, light sensitivity, muscle pain, generalized malaise, abdominal pain, nausea, and rash. During the virus’ second phase the symptoms will return, but worse.

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.

The most common form of leishmaniasis that affects humans. It’s a skin infection caused by a single celled parasite transmitted by the bite of a phlebotomine sandfly. This insect is commonly found near and around rats. It’s the second largest parasitic killer in the world. The parasite moves to the liver, spleen and bone marrow. If untreated will result in death. Symptoms include fever, weight loss, fatigue, anemia and substantial swelling of liver and spleen. The parasite is most common in the Middle East and North Africa.

Halifax rat removal.

Rats can be a huge health risk especially if you’re living with rodents in your home for any length of time. If you discover evidence of rat infestation make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

 

Where do bees go in the winter?

honeybee

Each insect has a different way of surviving the winter months. There are many variables and each species of bee has different outcomes when the temperature begins to drop. Bees will do things ranging from hibernation to dying and putting energy into future generations.

Honeybees

When the weather starts to get cold honeybees will stop flying. Bees will go back to the hive and huddle in a crowd into the lower central area of the hive forming a winter cluster. Worker bees huddle around the queen. The cluster will shiver to keep the centre around 80 degrees. Workers rotate from the outside to the inside of the cluster ensuring no bees get cold. The colder the weather the more compact the cluster.

Hibernating bees will consume up to 30 pounds of stored honey during the winter helping produce body heat. Oxidation of the honey produces heat energy and circulated throughout the hive by worker bees fanning their wings. When the weather gets warmer bees will leave the hive for short periods. The main purpose is to eliminate body waste. The bees don’t go very far and the flights don’t last very long. If their bodies get too cold they will not be allowed back in the hive.

Wasps

Most wasps will die off in the winter. The colder weather will take many of the wasps out, but sexually mated queens will hibernate over winter. They’ll hide out in crevices and shelter in closed off places. Most queens will die, but more because of predators such as spiders. Colder winters are actually better for the survival of wasps. Mild or warm winters see queens come out of hibernation early. There is usually not food available. Many of them will die of starvation.

Hornfaced Bees

Mostly found along the East Coast and in the Midwest of the US. Hornfaced bees are native of Japan and were introduced to the United States in 1960. These bees only live for about six weeks. There is no designation between queen and worker bees. Females will make their own nest. Inside the nest eggs will hatch and feed on pollen left by the mother bee. Each larvae has its own cell and food supply divided by mud partitions. When the larvae finishes feeding it spins a cocoon and is inactive the whole summer. Eventually the larvae will molt into pupae and become adults. They’ll remain in the cocoons as adults and in early spring emerge as the next generation of bees.

Carpenter Bees

Carpenter bees hibernate and will drill tunnels into old wood. The bees will find an old nest tunnel and hide out over winter. In the spring they’ll reemerge and mate. After mating females will find a new place to nest and begin drilling into wood. The tunnel can run up to a couple inches long and she will lay her eggs. The next generation of bees will emerge as adults in the summer.

Paper Wasp

Signs you have bees nesting on your property.

    • ŸExperiencing high numbers of wasps in home or garden.
    • Nests made from chewed wood pulp and saliva.
    • Built in sheltered areas such as cavities, roof spaces, under eaves,    in bird boxes, sheds or garages.
    • Identify nesting areas by carefully following flight path of wasps.
    • A wasp nest starts to be built in spring usually around the size of a walnut.
    • Nests can become the size of a football or bigger.

    Merrickville pest control.

    If you discover any unusual amounts of bees on your property there may be a nest nearby. Some bees will hibernate during the winter so they will be around all year long. If you find any evidence of bees make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Bed bugs and carbon dioxide.

bed-bug-control-banner

There’s always multiple do-it-yourself strategies to prevent bed bugs. But, they can only kill small amounts of larger infestations. Bed bugs are most attracted to humans no matter the trap. They’re looking for an easy meal and mostly feast on our blood during the night.

What are bed bugs.

Bed bugs are parasitic insects of the cimicid family that feed exclusively on blood. The common bed bug is best known for being found on mattress feasting on human blood. The bug prefers warm houses especially near or on beds. But, they’re never confined to only sheets and mattresses. Bed bugs can also be found in carpets and other fabric furniture. Most of their feeding and activity is done during the night. There’s a number of health effects on humans after bed bugs bite such as skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms.

Bed bugs and carbon dioxide.

One of the most common DIY bed bug traps consists of mixing sugar, yeast and water into a solution that is then propped up in an upside down dog bowl. The strategy is that the mixture emits carbon dioxide luring bed bugs to climb in the bowl and fall inside. This technique works only sometimes. It greatly depends on the texture of the bowl. Whether the outside is grippy enough for bugs to climb in, but the inside is smooth enough for them to be trapped.

This will not guarantee optimal bed bug removal. They breed very quickly. Even if you catch some bed bugs in a night there can be plenty more the trap didn’t attract. One pregnant female can begin an infestation since she can lay up to 500 eggs in her lifetime.

The trap may not be effective in an occupied room. Humans are way more attractive to bed bugs than carbon dioxide. Not only do you release CO2 through breathing, but your body produces a lot of heat, which the trap does not. The presence of a human is more appealing to bed bugs than any trap. Bed bugs still bite. Although you’ve set the trap the bugs will still bite. Bites are the first warning sign of bed bug infestation.

There are multiple commercial traps or deterrents that can offer some solutions to bed bug infestation. Verfi and Nightwatch are active monitors built to determine whether you even have a problem. ClimbUp Interceptor is another trap more useful in an occupied room. However, the best way to remove bed bugs is to contact a professional pest control service. They will properly get rid of any bed bug infestations and prevent them from coming back.

commercial

Bed bug prevention.

It’s best to always start with properly determining whether or not you have bed bugs. A lot of the time bugs enter your home by hitchhiking on luggage and other materials coming from infested areas. Always clean all clothing that might have come into contact with infested areas. Keep suitcases and bags away from your bed until you figure out if there’s any travelling bed bugs. Put luggage in black plastic bags for a few days to kill off any intruders.

Signs of bed bugs.

    • Small dark spots or feces and fecal stains.
    • Blood smears and stains on sheets and mattress.
    • Shed/cast bed bug skins.
    • Eggshells and bed bug eggs.
    • Nymphs or baby bed bugs.
    • Adult bed bugs.
    • Skin irritation from bites.

    Hamilton pest control.

    Bed bug infestations can grow incredibly quick. It starts with a one or two and can grow within a few days. At first sign of bed bugs make sure to reach out to Truly Nolen Pest Control.

How to get rid of spiders.

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We see spiders in our houses all the time. Mostly, they’re not harmful or a nuisance to anyone. But, their populations can grow. Especially if you’re providing sufficient food for them. Getting rid of spiders can be difficult. It’s more important to stop pests from getting in your house.

Keep spiders out in the first place.

The best thing to do to prevent any insect infestation is to seal all the entry points. Stop them before they can even get in. Close cracks and holes leading from outside to inside. Use caulk to fill gaps around windows and doors. There could also be openings around wires, cables, faucets and electrical components. Fix any torn wire screen in windows and doors. They can make easy access for spiders. Cover your vents and chimney with fine mesh.

Don’t attract insects to your home.

Spiders like bright lights. Turn outdoor lights off when not in use. Lights might not attract spiders, but they do bring their prey. Block indoor lights from shining through windows. Remove vegetation that’s too close to your building. Plants and bushes provide optimal hide places for spiders. Vegetation close to your home can make it inviting for spiders to find their way into cracks and holes in outer walls. Keep a tidy house. Mess offers an easy and reliable food source. Don’t leave food lying around. Regularly sweep and vacuum. Pick up clutter. Ue plastic food storage.

Zebra jumping spider

Pest control techniques.

Vacuum spiders and spider webs. This is an easy way to get rid of insects. This works while removing few spiders, but larger infestations may need harsher strategies. Also, use a broom to sweep away webs.

Apply insecticides. Available at most hardwares stores. Spray corners and other suspected spider habitats with commercial bug removal products. Make sure to follow the instructions on the label.

Call a professional. Exterminators can take a huge dent out of large infestations. They take all the necessary steps to prevent them from coming back. Also, they have the knowledge and equipment to take a more aggressive approach to pest removal.

Natural remedies. There’s plenty of different folk recipes that are thought to prevent spiders. Chestnuts, walnuts and the fruit of the Osage orange tree supposedly repel spiders. Spray your home with peppermint oil. Attack spiders with vinegar.

Some Ontario spider species.

    • Properly identifying the spider in your home can be important in establishing a productive termination strategy. Also, you can determine whether the insect is dangerous to people.
    • Grass Spiders. Represented by 13 species collectively found throughout southern Canada.
    • Hacklemesh Weaver. Commonly in and around homes, under rocks, in leaf litter and dark humid places.
    • Cross Orbweaver. Pattern of white spots on the abdomen that form a cross in most specimens.
    • Black and Yellow Garden Spider. Found in gardens, orchards, forest edges and old fields.
    • Banded Garden Spider. Silvery spiders with legs banded in black and yellow.
    • Ant Mimic Spider. Nocturnal living close to the ground under rocks and logs.
    • Tan Jumping Spider. Found on outer walls of buildings and other vertical surfaces.
    • Barn Funnel Weaver. Loves to hide in dark barns, attics and shed. Found everywhere there’s humans.
    • Common House Spider. Identifiable by their teardrop-shaped, papery brown egg sacs.

    Merrickville pest control.

    Spider problems can easily get out of control. Once they’re in your home they will hide and build homes in the darkest corners. If you’ve noticed an abundance of spiders in your building contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Closing your cottage: How to keep pests away.

tn_wasp

It’s a sad time of year when we have to say goodbye to the cottage for the winter. But, it’s only a few months until next spring. Don’t worry. However, it’s important to properly close your cottage. Don’t allow any pests to get in and create a larger problem than you need.

Clean up like you’re moving out.

Organize everything. Sweep, mop and vacuum. Dust. Leaving clutter offers multiple areas for rodents to hide. Also, take out all your belongings. Pots, pans and kitchen appliances can smell like food and attract rodents. It makes opening the cottage more efficient. Throw away anything that’s broken. Donate items you don’t need. Bring home valuables. Most importantly, clean out fridge, freezer and food cabinets. Small particles of food can attract wildlife from all around. Especially when dinner is difficult to find in the snow. Wipe down the fridge and freezer. Maybe unplug freezers and fridges. Leave the door slightly ajar. You can avoid mold and moisture from collecting.

Clean out the gutters.

Twigs, leaves and mulch can make great nesting materials for rodents. This attracts wildlife to your cottage. Also, they can build nests in the crevice of the eaves. Also, it allows proper drainage. When the snow melts in the winter all the water needs to go somewhere. Sitting moisture can create mold or soften materials. Water damage can create a lot of damage to buildings. It can also be expensive to repair.

Put outdoor furniture and equipment away.

Leaving furniture and accessories outside during the winter can results in significant damage to your belongings. Store your kayak, canoe, boat or paddle boat. The small covered areas of those objects can offer a safe place for wildlife to build their home. Properly storing outdoor furniture and equipment can prolong their survival as usable items.

Inspect the outer walls.

Small holes or cracks are invitations to pests. Mice and rats can squeeze through space about the size of a quarter. Make sure to seal any points of entry before closing the cottage for the winter. When it gets cold rodents will be desperate to find places to build their winter nests. Don’t give them that opportunity to make your cottage their home. Mice in your building can result in significant damage. They will gnaw on wires and could cause a fire. And you’re not even there to prevent it.

mouse-stock-photo2

Take all food.

The smell of food is an open ticket for pests to find their way into your cottage. Throw away or take all food items with you. Anyways they could expire and go to waste. It’s a simple step to minimize rodents gaining entry to your home. If they suspect a food source pests will do anything to get in. They may make a hole in the outer walls of your cottage to get in.

Clean BBQ.

It’s probably best to store it in a sealed building. But, always give it a thorough clean. Food particles could be burnt to the grills. Or crumbs might of fallen into the bottom. This will attract wildlife from far and wide. Also, remove the propane canister. It could be a fire hazard.

Remove garbage and junk under cottage.

You’re providing clutter and small corners for rodents to hide. And they use cardboard and newspaper to build nests. Clear everything out from under your cottage. It will make the spring much easier on you for opening it back up.

Cabin windows and doors.

Make sure all doors and windows properly close. If there’s a tiny crack insects and mice might find their way in. Also, it can let in the elements. Do a walk around. Determine if there’s anything that needs repairs.

Goderich pest removal.

If you need assistance in removing any pests that might have found their way into your cottage make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Why are cockroaches so difficult to control.

Cockroaches have quite the reputation. They’re gross and almost everyone hates them. Roaches are attracted to unclean environments. So, a good strategy to avoid cockroach infestation is to keep your home well maintained and clean. Because cockroaches are incredibly difficult to kill and get rid of you almost always have to call a professional.

What are cockroaches?

There’s about 30 different species of cockroach associated with human environments. Only four are well known pests. There were cockroaches 320 million years ago and the insect has survived a major extinction.

Cockroaches

Most cockroach species are about the size of a thumbnail, but they can range and be even larger. The world’s heaviest cockroach is the Australian giant burrowing cockroach measuring at 9 cm long and weigh more than 30 grams. Cockroaches are a very generalized insect and all species look similar. They have a small head with a broad and flattened body. Found to be a reddish brown colour. They have large compound eyes and long flexible antennae. Their mouths are on the underside of the head.

Where are they found?

Once in your home they will hide in small and hard to get to places. But, most importantly they’ll be looking to put roots in an area that’s easily accessible to a food source. Much of the time this is your kitchen. Roaches can be found in your cupboards, drawers and food containers.

Cockroaches are tough and hard to kill.

Their exoskeleton is made up of a series of overlapping plates connected by a stretchy membrane. It’s hard enough for protection, but flexible enough to compress and shift energy to their legs. Cockroaches enter incredibly tight spaces making it difficult to determine the true volume of an infestation. They have special spines that help them maintain traction even when it spreads its legs to squeeze under tight cracks.

Because of their unique exoskeleton cockroaches can withstand compression forces up to 300 times their body weight when crawling through tight spaces. They can force themselves through very small holes without being squashed.

Roaches are survivalists.

They will eat anything and live in any circumstance. This is why they’re always attracted to your kitchen. They will chow down on crumbs on the floor or eat pet food. Cockroaches will also eat things not considered traditional food such as wallpaper paste, glue, leather, bar soap and wiring.

German Cockroaches

Cockroaches are incredibly secretive and adaptable. They prefer to nest in small spaces that are inaccessible to humans. Also, they’re nocturnal. So, much of their activity is when you’re sleeping. Change doesn’t concern cockroaches. They can survive in warm or cold climates. Roaches quickly become immune to traps. That immunity is passed to their offspring. Roaches also have developed a resistance to insecticides. This makes it really difficult to kill a mass wave of the insect. Low grade store bought poisons are almost useless against larger infestations.

Signs of cockroach infestation.

    •  Seeing a cockroach especially during the day.
    • They can be found hiding behind fridges, sinks, stoves, floor drains, inside motors, under rubber mats, behind wallpaper and in wall cracks.
    • Cockroach feces that looks like coffee grounds or black pepper.
    • Strange and unpleasant smells of oily or musty odours.
    • Dead cockroaches.
    • Oval-shaped egg cases.

    Halifax pest control.

    Cockroach infestation can rapidly get out of control. It’s important to look for signs of roaches. If you suspect a bug problem make sure to contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Signs of bed bug infestation.

Dark and dingy hotel rooms. The prime breeding ground for bed bugs. Why did you pick this hotel? Read the reviews. Because now you could have hitchhiking bed bugs on your luggage or clothes. They’ll come back with you and start reproducing in your home. Giving your bedroom the same uneasy feeling as the infested hotel room.

What are bed bugs?

Spotting bed bugs can be difficult. They’re nocturnal. They’re small. Most evidence of bed bugs can be found in sheets or on mattresses. When sleeping people will squash bed bugs making blood stains on the sheets. Living bed bugs leave dark brown or black spots of dried excrement after feeding. Also, they release a subtle sweet and musty odour.

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Bed bugs mainly feast on blood. After a meal they will appear to be dark red. Bed bugs are small and flat with oval shaped bodies. They have six legs and two antennae. Bed bugs don’t fly. They have golden coloured body hair creating stripes on their body. Adult bed bugs are approximately 5 to 6 mm long. After feeding they can swell up to 10mm and get fatter. Females can lay hundreds of eggs each about the size of a speck of dust. Nymphs are about 1 to 4 mm long and appear white in colour until they feed. The light colour makes them camouflage with mattresses and carpets.

Where bed bugs are found.

Their name suggest it all. Mainly bed bugs are found on mattresses or in sheets. But, they’re not limited to your sleeping quarters. They can travel to nearby fabrics and carpets. Sofa seams are another common area bed bugs are found. Bed bugs can enter your home undetected. They cling onto luggage and clothing. Their small flat bodies give them the capabilities to sneak under cracks the width of a credit card. Other common hiding spots are picture frames, box springs and head boards. Pretty much anywhere they can easily chomp on people at night.

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Signs of bed bug infestation.

    • Used beds are common places for bed bug encounters.
    • Blood stains on your sheets after bed bugs have bitten you.
    • Dark or rusty spots of bed bug excrement on sheets, mattresses, bed, clothes and walls.
    • Fecal spots.
    • Egg shells or nymphal skins.
    • An offensive musty odour secreting from the bug’s scent glands.
    • Bed bug sighting. Maybe difficult, but it’s possible. Check mattress seams.
    • Waking up with itchy bites and marks you didn’t have before.

    What to do if you suspect infestation.

    If you discover any of the signs of bed bug infestation make sure to immediately remove any fabric from the area. Remove all bedding and put them in the laundry machine. Be diligent in scanning the area for other signs. Wash all clothing that might be infested. Keep track of when and where you have seen signs of bed bugs. Place luggage in black garbage bags for a few days. Most likely bed bugs have hitched on zippers of suitcases. To prevent this put your luggage in the bathroom of your hotel room. Bed bugs are unlikely to be living on tile or hard surfaces. Inspect the bed and surrounding area. Infestation can get out of control. Bed bugs will multiply and the problem will get worse. At the earliest discovery contact a professional pest removal service.

    Port Elgin bed bug removal.

    One of the first signs of bed bugs is waking up with small red bites on your skin. If you discover this make sure to inspect your bed. Any other signs of bed bugs contact Truly Nolen Pest Control.

Pest Advice Blog


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